Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel
Name: Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel
Clinical Studies Experience
Because clinical studies are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical studies of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical studies of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
During clinical trials, 1401 subjects were exposed to Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide gel. A total of 1036 subjects with acne vulgaris, 12 years and older, were treated once daily for 12 weeks to 12 months. Related adverse events reported within 12 weeks of treatment and in at least 1% of subjects treated with Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide gel and those reported in subjects treated with the vehicle gel are presented in Table 1:
Table 1. Drug Related Adverse Events Reported in Clinical Trials by at least 1% of Patients treated for 12 Weeks
Local tolerability evaluations, presented in Table 2, were conducted at each study visit in clinical trials by assessment of erythema, scaling, dryness, burning, and stinging.
Analysis over the 12-week period showed that local tolerability scores for erythema, scaling, dryness, and stinging/burning peaked at Week 1 of therapy and decreased thereafter.
During a pediatric clinical trial, 285 children with acne vulgaris, 9 to 11 years of age were treated with Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide gel or with the vehicle gel once daily for 12 weeks. Overall, the safety profile of Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide gel in these subjects is comparable to the safety profile observed in older subjects 12 years of age and above, both in the nature and frequency of the observed adverse events.
Analysis of local tolerability evaluations shows similar incidence of treatment emergent signs and symptoms as in subjects 12 years of age and above, with local tolerability signs and symptoms peaking during the first week and decreasing over time.
The following adverse reactions have been identified during postapproval use of Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide gel: eyelid edema, sunburn, blister, pain of skin, pruritus, swelling face, conjunctivitis, skin discoloration, rash, eczema, throat tightness and allergic contact dermatitis. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to drug exposure.
Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide Gel Description
Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide gel, 0.1%/2.5% is a white to very pale yellow, opaque gel for topical use containing adapalene 0.1% and benzoyl peroxide 2.5%.
Active: Adapalene, a synthetic retinoid, is a naphthoic acid derivative with retinoid-like properties. The chemical name for adapalene is (6-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-methoxyphenyl]-2- naphthoic acid). It has the following structural formula:
Molecular formula: C28H28O3 Molecular weight: 412.5
Benzoyl Peroxide is a highly lipophilic oxidizing agent that localizes in both bacterial and keratinocyte cell membranes. The chemical name for benzoyl peroxide is dibenzoyl peroxide. It has the following structural formula:
Molecular formula: C14H10O4 Molecular weight: 242.23
Adapalene and Benzoyl Peroxide gel contains the following inactive ingredients: acrylamide/sodium acryloyldimethyltaurate copolymer, docusate sodium, edetate disodium, glycerin, isohexadecane, poloxamer 124, polysorbate 80, propylene glycol, purified water, and sorbitan oleate.