Perrigo Sodium Sulfacetamide and Sulfur
Name: Perrigo Sodium Sulfacetamide and Sulfur
- Perrigo Sodium Sulfacetamide and Sulfur action
- Perrigo Sodium Sulfacetamide and Sulfur side effects
- Perrigo Sodium Sulfacetamide and Sulfur drug
The most widely accepted mechanism of action of sulfonamides is the Woods-Fildes theory which is based on the fact that sulfonamides act as competitive antagonists to para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA), an essential component for bacterial growth. While absorption through intact skin has not been determined, sodium sulfacetamide is readily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract when taken orally and excreted in the urine, largely unchanged. The biological half-life has variously been reported as 7 to 12.8 hours.
The exact mode of action of sulfur in the treatment of acne is unknown, but it has been reported that it inhibits the growth of Propionibacterium acnes and the formation of free fatty acids.
If irritation develops, use of the product should be discontinued and appropriate therapy instituted. Patients should be carefully observed for possible local irritation or sensitization during long-term therapy. The object of this therapy is to achieve desquamation without irritation, but sodium sulfacetamide and sulfur can cause reddening and scaling of epidermis. These side effects are not unusual in the treatment of acne vulgaris, but patients should be cautioned about the possibility.
Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis and Impairment of Fertility -
Long-term studies in animals have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential.
Pregnancy Category C -
Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with Sodium Sulfacetamide 10% and Sulfur 5% Lotion. It is also not known whether this drug can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. This drug should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.
Nursing Mothers -
It is not known whether sodium sulfacetamide is excreted in human milk following topical use of Sodium Sulfacetamide 10% and Sulfur 5% Lotion. However, small amounts of orally administered sulfonamides have been reported to be eliminated in human milk. In view of this and because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when this drug is administered to a nursing woman.
Pediatric Use -
Safety and effectiveness in pediatric patients under the age of 12 have not been established.