Hepatitis b vaccine-injection

Name: Hepatitis b vaccine-injection

What are the uses for hepatitis b vaccine-injection?

Hepatitis B vaccine is used to prevent hepatitis B, a serious infection that affects the liver.

Most children are given their first shot at birth, followed by a 2nd shot at 1-2 months of age, and a 3rd shot at 6-18 months of age. Also, anyone who is 18 years of age or younger and hasn't received the vaccine should be vaccinated.

Additionally, all unvaccinated adults at risk for hepatitis B infection should be vaccinated. This includes:

  • Partners or people infected with hepatitis B
  • Men who have sex with men
  • People who inject street drugs
  • People with more than one sex partner
  • People with chronic liver or kidney disease
  • People under the age of 60 who have type 1 or 2 diabetes
  • People with jobs that expose them to human blood or other body fluids
  • People who live with a family member infected with hepatitis B
  • Kidney dialysis patients
  • People who travel to countries where hepatitis B is common
  • People with HIV infection
  • People who live or work in institution for the developmentally disabled
  • Anyone else who wishes to be protected from the hepatitis B infection

What are the side effects of hepatitis b vaccine-injection?

Common side effects of HBV vaccines include:

  • Irritability
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Fatigue/weakness
  • Reduced appetite
  • Cold symptoms

Other reported side effects include:

  • Headache
  • Injections site reactions
  • Low blood pressure
  • Flushing
  • Back pain
  • Muscle pain
  • Joint pain
  • Rash
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Dizziness
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Seizures
  • Hair loss
  • Constipation
  • Taste changes

Is hepatitis b vaccine-injection safe to take if I'm pregnant or breastfeeding?

  • There are no adequate or well-controlled trials of hepatitis B vaccine use in pregnant women. Therefore, hepatitis B vaccine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus.
  • It is not known if the hepatitis B vaccine is excreted into human milk after administration to the mother. The manufacturer recommends caution when given to nursing mothers.

What else should I know about hepatitis b vaccine-injection?

What preparations of hepatitis b vaccine-injection are available?
  • Suspension for injection in single does vials and syringes: Recombivax 0.5 ml (5 mcg), 1 ml (10 mcg); Engerix-B 0.5 ml (10 mcg), 1 ml (20 mcg).

How should I keep hepatitis b vaccine-injection stored?

Hepatitis B vaccine should be stored in the refrigerator, between 2 C to 8 C (36 F to 46 F).